When blood pressure in the arteries is elevated, for whatever reason, the heart is forced to work much harder than normal to keep blood circulating through the blood vessels going at a normal speed. This is usually simply referred to as high blood pressure, but is also called hypertension or arterial hypertension.
Blood pressure is determined by two readings: systolic, the top reading, which determines whether the heart muscle is contracting, and diastolic, the bottom reading, which shows if it is relaxed between beats. Normal blood pressure is said to be somewhere in the area of 100–140 systolic over 60–90 diastolic. High blood pressure is diagnosed if readings are consistently at or above 140/90.
Types of Hypertension and Consequences
Hypertension is classified as either a primary or secondary case. Primary hypertension means that high blood pressure is occurring without signs of other medical causes. Secondary hypertension means high blood pressure is being caused by some medical condition, particularly those affecting the kidneys, arteries, heart, or endocrine system. People who are obese or who have an adrenal gland disorder are most likely to have high blood pressure.
Those with high blood pressure run a higher risk than others of getting heart failure, heart attacks, strokes, artery aneurysms, and chronic kidney disease. Hypertension significantly lowers life expectancy and causes symptoms like nausea, migraines, difficulty with vision, and problems with concentration.
In severe cases, such as blood pressure readings of 180/110 or higher, evidence may appear of damage to vital organs due to hypertension. This is known as a hypertension emergency.
Many who have even milder forms of this condition are incapable of maintaining a job. If you have a long-term disability insurance policy are you are disabled because of uncontrolled high blood pressure, call disability lawyer Nick Ortiz at (888) 321-8131 for more information on your eligibility for LTD benefits, or for a free case evaluation on appealing a denial letter.